Paying Students To Do Well in School: What Economists Are Learning about Pay-4-Performance

26 Dec

Op het Engelstalige blog van Pedro De Bruyckere las ik over een studie waarbij het positieve effect van extrinsieke beloningen werd onderzocht om kinderen aan te sporen tot het eten van fruit en groenten (lees hier). Dit deed me denken aan gelijkaardige studies waarbij werd nagegaan of jongeren ook beter presteren op school als ze ervoor betaald worden. Deze blogpost van Larry Cuban vat enkele opmerkelijke resultaten samen!

Larry Cuban on School Reform and Classroom Practice

Economists believe in incentives and what better incentives are there than writing checks to students who perform well on tests. The idea had been around for a long time but few policymakers or researchers could say with any confidence whether paying students worked.

Certainly, the policy climate in the U.S. since the early -1980s of increasing parent choice in schools, more accountability, and higher academic standards has welcomed economic incentives. States have paid cash for higher test scores and used dollars to get high school graduates into the labor market thereby strengthening the entire economy in an ever-changing and competitive global market.

Now comes Roland Fryer’s recent study “Financial Incentives and Student Achievement from Randomized Trials.”(See student incentives)

Nearly 40,000 students in 261 schools in four districts (Washington, D.C., Chicago, New York, and Dallas) participated. Researchers gave $6.3 million in rewards to schools.

In New York City, the researchers paid…

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